SPIE Article-Sharing Policies

Article Sharing

Creative Commons (CC BY 4.0)—Gold Open Access

Under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license, the author retains copyright and grants SPIE a non-exclusive right to publish the article.

For articles published under CC BY 4.0, users are free to share (copy, distribute, and transmit), to remix (adapt), and to make commercial use of the Article under the following conditions:

Attribution: Users must attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they or their use of the Article is endorsed by the Author or licensor). See attribution formatting examples below.

Notice: For any reuse or distribution, users must make clear to others the license terms of this work, preferably using a link to the Creative Commons webpage.

The full legal code of the CC BY 4.0 license can be found at  http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.

A human-readable summary of the CC BY 4.0 license is available at  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

SPIE Copyright

For articles published under SPIE copyright, authors, or their employers in the case of works made for hire, retain the following rights:

  • All proprietary rights other than copyright, including patent rights.
  • The right to make and distribute copies of the Paper for internal purposes.
  • The right to use the material for lecture or classroom purposes.
  • The right to prepare derivative publications based on the Paper, including books or book chapters, journal papers, and magazine articles, provided that publication of a derivative work occurs subsequent to the official date of publication by SPIE.

Thus, authors may reproduce their original figures and text in new publications. The SPIE source publication should be referenced; see citation formatting  below.

Web Posting Policy—Green Open Access

SPIE grants to authors (and their employers) of papers, posters, and presentation recordings published in SPIE Proceedings or SPIE Journals on the SPIE Digital Library (hereinafter "publications") the right to post an author-prepared version or an official version (preferred version) of the publication on an internal or external server controlled exclusively by the author/employer or the entity funding the research, provided that (a) such posting is noncommercial in nature and the publication is made available to users without charge; (b) an appropriate copyright notice and citation appear with the publication; and (c) a link to SPIE's official online version of the publication is provided using the item's DOI.

This authorization extends to noncommercial third-party platforms such as Zenodo in instances where the author's institution uses those platforms as their institutional repository.

This authorization does not extend to third-party web sites not owned and maintained by the author/employer such as ResearchGate, Academia.edu, YouTube, etc.

SPIE content published under a Creative Commons CC BY license is exempt from the above requirements.

What about arXiv, bioRxiv, or medRxiv?

Authors may post draft manuscripts (but not the final, published version of the paper) on preprint servers such as arXiv, bioRxiv, and medRxiv.

For Neurophotonics, the Journal of Biomedical Optics, and the Journal of Medical Imaging, authors can submit directly to the journal from the bioRxiv and medRxiv platforms.

Post-publication, authors are encouraged to edit the record of any preprint on these platforms to add the citation and Digital Object Identifier (DOI) of the published version of the paper.

Attribution Format

Copyright notice format:

For articles under SPIE Copyright:

Copyright XXXX (year) Society of Photo‑Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this publication for a fee or for commercial purposes, and modification of the contents of the publication are prohibited.

For articles under the CC-BY 4.0 license:

© The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Distribution or reproduction of this work in whole or in part requires full attribution of the original publication, including its DOI. [DOI: 10.1117/XXX.XX.XXXXX]

Citation format (Proceedings paper, poster, or presentation recording):

Author(s), “Paper, Poster, or Presentation Title,” Proc. SPIE Volume Number, Volume Title, Paper Number (Publication Date). http://dx.doi.org/DOI


Sarah Everton, Phill Dickens, Chris Tuck, Ben Dutton, “Evaluation of laser ultrasonic testing for inspection of metal additive manufacturing," Proc. SPIE 9353, Laser 3D Manufacturing II, 935316 (March 16, 2015). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2078768

Citation format (Journal article):

Author(s), “Article Title,” Journal Title and Volume Number (Issue), Article Number (Publication Date). http://dx.doi.org/DOI


Blackberrie Eddins and Muyinatu A. Lediju Bell, "Design of a multifiber light delivery system for photoacoustic-guided surgery,"  J. Biomed. Opt.  22(4), 041011 (Jan 13, 2017). DOI: http://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.4.041011

Reprint and Re-Use Permissions

If you are seeking permission to use previously published material, please contact reprint_permission@spie.org with the following information:

  • Title and author
  • Volume, issue, and page numbers
  • What figures and/or text you would like to reproduce
  • Where you will republish the requested material.

Requests may also be faxed to SPIE at +1 360 647 1445 (Attention: Reprint Permissions).

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