Cardiovascular disease is a major contributor to US morbidity. Taking preventive action can greatly reduce or eliminate the impact on quality of life. However, many issues often go undetected until the patient presents a physical symptom. Non-intrusive continuous cardiovascular monitoring systems may make detecting and monitoring abnormalities earlier feasible. One candidate system is photoplethysmographic imaging (PPGI), which is able to assess arterial blood pulse characteristics in one or multiple individuals remotely from a distance. In this case study, we showed that PPGI can be used to detect cardiac arrhythmia that would otherwise require contact-based monitoring techniques. Using a novel system, coded hemodynamic imaging (CHI), strong temporal blood pulse waveform signals were extracted at a distance of 1.5 m from the participant using 850-1000 nm diffuse illumination for deep tissue penetration. Data were recorded at a sampling rate of 60 Hz, providing a temporal resolution of 17 ms. The strong fidelity of the signal allowed for both temporal and spectral assessment of abnormal blood pulse waveforms, ultimately to detect the onset of abnormal cardiac events. Data from a participant with arrhythmia was analyzed and compared against normal blood pulse waveform data to validate CHI’s ability to assess cardiac arrhythmia. Results indicate that CHI can be used as a non-intrusive continuous cardiac monitoring system.
Robert Amelard, Richard L. Hughson, David A. Clausi, and Alexander Wong, "Non-contact arrhythmia assessment in natural settings: a step toward preventive cardiac care," Proc. SPIE 10042, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Light in Cardiology, 1004205 (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 28, 2017; Published: 8 February 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252133.
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