Early detection of incipient caries would allow dentists to provide more effective measures to delay or to reverse caries’ progression at earlier stage. Such earlier intervention could lead to improved oral health for the patients and reduced burden to the health system. Previously, we have demonstrated that the combination of morphological and biochemical information furnished by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and polarized Raman spectroscopy (PRS), respectively, provided a unique tool for dental caries management. In this study we will report the first pre-clinical caries detection system that includes a hand-held probe with a size slightly larger than a tooth brush. This probe presents a novel platform combining both OCT and PRS optics in a very tight space ideal for clinical practice. OCT cross-sectional images of near-surface enamel morphology are obtained with miniaturized MEMS scanning device and are processed in real-time to identify culprit regions. These regions are sequentially analyzed with polarized Raman spectroscopy for further confirmation. PRS is performed using 830nm laser line and four detection channels in order to obtain polarized Raman spectroscopic data, i.e. depolarization ratio of the hydroxyapatite Raman band at ~960 cm-1. A detailed description of this hand-held caries detector and ex-vivo/in-vivo test results will be presented.
Guy Lamouche, Christian Padioleau, Mark Hewko, Michael S. D. Smith, Bernie J. Schattka, Crystal Fulton, Bruno Gauthier, André Beauchesne, Alex C. Ko, Lin-P'ing Choo-Smith, and Michael G. Sowa, "Ex-vivo evaluation of an early caries detector based on integrated OCT and polarized Raman spectroscopy (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10044, Lasers in Dentistry XXIII, 1004405 (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 29, 2017; Published: 19 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253224.5370042050001.
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