For a large number of cancer surgeries, the lack of reliable intraoperative diagnosis leads to reoperations or bad outcomes
for the patients. To deliver better diagnosis, we developed Dynamic Full Field OCT (D-FFOCT) as a complement to
FFOCT. FFOCT already presents interesting results for cancer diagnosis e.g. Mohs surgery and reaching 96% accuracy
on prostate cancer. D-FFOCT accesses the dynamic processes of metabolism and gives new tools to diagnose the state of
a tissue at the cellular level to complement FFOCT contrast. We developed a processing framework that intends to
maximize the information provided by the FFOCT technology as well as D-FFOCT and synthetize this as a meaningful
image. We use different time processing to generate metrics (standard deviation of time signals, decorrelation times and
more) and spatial processing to sort out structures and the corresponding imaging modality, which is the most appropriate.
Sorting was achieved through quadratic discriminant analysis in a N-dimension parametric space corresponding to our
metrics. Combining the best imaging modalities for each structure leads to a rich morphology image. This image displaying
the morphology is then colored to represent the dynamic behavior of these structures (slow or fast) and to be quickly
analyzed by doctors. Therefore, we achieved a micron resolved image, rich of both FFOCT ability of imaging fixed and
highly backscattering structures as well as D-FFOCT ability of imaging low level scattering cellular level details. We
believe that this morphological contrast close to histology and the dynamic behavior contrast will push forward the limits
of intraoperative diagnosis further on.
Clément Apelian, Clément Gastaud, and A. Claude Boccara, "Extracting relevant information for cancer diagnosis from dynamic full field OCT through image processing and learning," Proc. SPIE 10053, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XXI, 100531H (Presented at SPIE BiOS: February 01, 2017; Published: 17 February 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254824.
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