Nowadays, continuous sensing systems are important point-of-care devices for the hospital and personalized patient technology. FTIR-spectrometers have been successfully employed for the development of bed-side systems. In-vivo applications for critically ill patients can be envisaged for analytes and parameters, which are of interest for intensive care such as lactate, urea, pCO2 and pH. The human body maintains the blood pH around 7.4, but for severe pH level changes acidosis or alkalosis can lead to serious health problems. Three different buffer systems exist based on bicarbonate, phosphate and proteins; for the most important bicarbonate and phosphate systems infrared transmission spectra were recorded. By using the CO2 and HCO3 - bands of the bicarbonate spectra, the pH of the harvested biofluid can be predicted using the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. Furthermore, we studied the solubility of CO2 in aqueous solutions using gas mixtures of N2 and CO2 with known composition within partial pressures of CO2 as relevant for invivo conditions. Thus, values of pCO2 up to 150 mm Hg (200 hPa) with distilled water and a Ringer solution, which is an isotonic electrolyte solution used for medical infusion, were measured at 25 °C and 37 °C (normal body temperature).
H. M. Heise, L. Cocchieri, T. Vahlsing, D. Ihrig, and J. Elm, "Monitoring of interstitial buffer systems using micro-dialysis and infrared spectrometry," Proc. SPIE 10072, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XVII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics, 100720E (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 30, 2017; Published: 17 February 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253139.
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