An ultra-intense short pulse laser induces a shock wave in material. The pressure of shock compression is stronger than a few tens GPa. To characterize shock waves, time-resolved velocity measurement in nano- or pico-second time scale is needed. Frequency domain interferometer and chirped pulse laser provide single-shot time-resolved measurement. We have developed a laser-driven shock compression system and frequency domain interferometer with CPA laser. In this paper, we show the principle of velocity measurement using a frequency domain interferometer and a chirped pulse laser. Next, we numerically calculated spectral interferograms and show the time-resolved velocity measurement can be done from the phase analysis of spectral interferograms. Moreover we conduct the laser driven shock generation and shock velocity measurement. From the spectral fringes, we analyze the velocities of the sample and shockwaves.
K. Ishii, Y. Nishimura, Y. Mori, R. Hanayama, Y. Kitagawa, T. Sekine, N. Sato, T. Kurita, T. Kawashima, A. Sunahara, Y. Sentoku, E. Miura, A. Iwamoto, and H. Sakagami, "Velocity measurement using frequency domain interferometer and chirped pulse laser," Proc. SPIE 10089, Real-time Measurements, Rogue Phenomena, and Single-Shot Applications II, 100890H (Presented at SPIE LASE: January 30, 2017; Published: 22 February 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2255704.
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