We report the first direct diode laser module integrated with a trepanning optic for remote oscillation welding. The trepanning optic is assembled with a collimated DirectProcess 900 laser engine. This modular laser is based on single emitters and beam combiners to achieve fiber coupled modules with a beam parameter product or BPP < 8 mm mrad at all power levels up to 1 kW, as well as free space collimated outputs with even lower BPP. The initial design consists in vertically stacking several diodes in the fast axis which leads to a rectangular output of about 100 W with BPP of <3.5 mm*mrad in the fast axis and <5 mm*mrad in the slow axis. Next, further power scaling is accomplished by polarization combining and wavelength multiplexing yielding high optical efficiencies of more than 80% and resulting in a building block module with over 500 W launched into a 100 μm fiber with 0.15 NA. The beam profile of the free space module remains rectangular, with a nearly flat top and conserves the beam parameter product of the original vertical stack without the power loss of fiber coupling. The 500 W building blocks feature a highly flexible emitting wavelength bandwidth. New wavelengths can be configured by simply exchanging parts and without modifying the production process. This design principle provides the option to adapt the wavelength configuration to match a broad set of applications, from the UV to the visible and to the far IR depending on the commercial availability of laser diodes. This opens numerous additional applications like laser pumping, scientific and medical applications, as well as materials processing applications such as cutting and welding of copper aluminum or steel. Furthermore, the module’s short lead lengths enable very short pulses. Integrated with electronics, the module’s pulse width can be adjusted from micro-seconds to cw mode operation by simple software commands. An optical setup can be directly attached instead of a fiber to the laser module thanks to its modular design. This paper’s experimental results are based on a trepanning optic attached to the laser module. Alltogether the setup approximately fits in a shoe box and weighs less than 20 kg which allows for direct mounting onto a 3D-gantry system. The oscillating weld performance of the 500 W direct diode laser utilizing a novel trepanning optic is discussed for its application to aluminum/aluminum and aluminum/copper joints.
Haro Fritsche, Norbert Müller, Fabio Ferrario, Sebastian Fetissow, Andreas Grohe, Thomas Hagen, Ronny Steger, Tristan Katzemaikat, David Ashkenasi, and Wolfgang Gries, "Diode lasers for direct application by utilizing a trepanning optic for remote oscillation welding of aluminum and copper," Proc. SPIE 10097, High-Power Laser Materials Processing: Applications, Diagnostics, and Systems VI, 100970N (Presented at SPIE LASE: February 02, 2017; Published: 22 February 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253007.
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