Structured light and structured matter are two fascinating branches of modern optics that recently started having a significant impact on each other. However, integrating structured light, which commonly is created using bulk optics, on miniaturized silicon chips represents a significant challenge. In this talk, we discuss fundamental optical phenomena at the interface of structured light and engineered optical structures, including theoretical and experimental studies of light-matter interactions of vector and singular optical beams in optical metamaterials and microcavities. The synergy of complex beams, such as the beams carrying an orbital angular momentum (OAM), with nanostructured “engineered” media is likely to bring new dimensions to the science and applications of structured light ranging from fundamentally new regimes of spin-orbit interaction to novel ways of information encoding for the future optical communication systems.
We show that unique optical properties of engineered micro- and nanosctructures open unlimited prospects to “engineer” light itself. We discuss several approaches to ultra-compact structured light wavefront shaping using metal-dielectric and all-dielectric resonant metasurfaces. Moreover, by exploiting the emerging non-Hermitian photonics design at an exceptional point, we demonstrate a microring laser generating a single-mode OAM vortex lasing with the ability to precisely define the topological charge of the OAM mode. We show that the polarization associated with OAM lasing can be further manipulated on demand, creating a radially polarized vortex emission. Our OAM microlaser could find applications in the next generation of integrated optoelectronic devices for optical communications in both quantum and classical regimes.
Natalia M. Litchinitser, Jingbo Sun, Mikhail I. Shalaev, Wiktor T. Walasik, Pei Miao, Zhifeng Zhang, Stefano Longhi, and Liang Feng, "Structured light-matter interactions in engineered optical media (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10113, High Contrast Metastructures VI, 1011304 (Presented at SPIE OPTO: January 31, 2017; Published: 28 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2255983.5395679951001.
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