In the past decade, subwavelength high contrast gratings (HCGs) have been developed and studied, which has led to many applications. The broadband reflectance in HCGs mainly comes from the contrast between the grating material and its surrounding environment, so high-index and low-loss materials are required for making HCGs. Compared with infrared (IR) ranges, building HCGs in visible or near-IR wavelength ranges is much harder due to the limitation of optical materials.
In order to overcome the challenge of materials in making HCGs in visible to near-IR ranges, hybrid HCGs are proposed. The design of hybrid HCGs is a combination of low-loss and low-index materials and high-loss and high-index materials. In order to reduce the optical loss due to the incorporation of high-loss material, optical modes must be manipulated to be confined in the low-loss region.
In our work, the structure and parameters for hybrid HCGs are optimized based on numerical study (both FDTD and RCWA). As a proof-of-principle demonstration, hybrid HCGs composed of amorphous silicon, silicon nitride and silicon dioxide are optimized. The optimal structure has a broadband reflectance (>90%) in visible to near-IR ranges. The design demonstrates a great fabrication tolerance to line width, dielectric thicknesses and sidewall verticality. The hybrid HCGs are patterned by nanoimprint lithography. Reactive ion etching at cryogenic temperature is optimized for the best etching profile. More details on design, fabrication and measurement will be presented at the conference.
Yuhan Yao, Yifei Wang, Yuanrui Li, He Liu, Boxiang Song, and Wei Wu, "Optical metasurface based on hybrid high-contrast dielectric gratings for visible and near-IR ranges (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10113, High Contrast Metastructures VI, 1011313 (Presented at SPIE OPTO: February 02, 2017; Published: 28 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253494.5395679958001.
Conference Presentations are recordings of oral presentations given at SPIE conferences and published as part of the conference proceedings. They include the speaker's narration along with a video recording of the presentation slides and animations. Many conference presentations also include full-text papers. Search and browse our growing collection of more than 14,000 conference presentations, including many plenary and keynote presentations.
Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon