Nanowire (NW) lasers have recently attracted increasing attention as ultra-small, highly-efficient coherent light emitters in the fields of nanophotonics, nano-optics and nanobiotechnology. Although there have been several demonstrations of single NW lasers utilizing bulk materials, it is crucial to incorporate lower-dimensional quantum nanostructures into the NW in order to achieve superior device performance with respect to threshold current, differential gain, modulation bandwidth and temperature sensitivity. The quantum dot (QD) is a useful and essential nanostructure that can meet these requirements. In this presentation, we will talk about our recent research activity regarding room temperature lasing of a single GaAs NW containing 50-stacked In0.2Ga0.8As/GaAs QDs. The NW cavities consist of multiple In0.2Ga0.8As/GaAs heterostructures acting as a QD active material, which are grown on shallow (<45 nm) GaAs core NWs and followed by GaAs/Al0.1Ga0.9As/GaAs core/shell/cap structures. Lasing oscillation is achieved at the emission wavelength of 900 nm by properly designing the NW cavity and tailoring the emission energy of each QD to enhance the optical gain. Obtained threshold pump pulse fluence is 179 μJ/cm2 at room temperature and the characteristics temperature is 133K which is higher than that of conventional bulk NW lasers. Our demonstration paves the way toward ultra-small lasers with extremely low-power consumption for integrated photonic systems. Furthermore, we will discuss our recent results on the demonstration of several types of NWQD lasers in order to improve the device performance of the NWQD lasers.
Jun Tatebayashi and Yasuhiko Arakawa, "Lasing in a single nanowire with quantum dots," Proc. SPIE 10114, Quantum Dots and Nanostructures: Growth, Characterization, and Modeling XIV, 1011406 (Presented at SPIE OPTO: January 30, 2017; Published: 20 February 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2256033.
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