The nature of a quantum network, in particular in the continuous variable regime, is governed not only by the light quantum state but also by the measurement process. It can then be chosen after the light source has been generated. Multimode entanglement is not anymore an intrinsic property of the source but a complex interplay between source, measurement and eventually post processing. This new avenue paves the way for adaptive and scalable quantum information processing. However, to reach this ambitious goal, multimode degaussification has to be implemented.
Single-photon subtraction and addition have proved to be such key operations, but are usually performed with linear optics elements on single-mode resources. We present a device able to perform mode dependant non Gaussian operation on a spectrally multimode squeezed vacuum states. Sum frequency generation between the state and a bright control beam whose spectrum has been engineered through ultrafast pulse-shaping is performed. The detection of a single converted photon heralds the success of the operation.
The resulting multimode quantum state is analysed with standard homodyne detection whose local oscillator spectrum is independently engineered. The device can be characterized through quantum process tomography using weak multimode coherent states as inputs. Its single-mode character can be quantified and its inherent subtraction modes can be measured.
The ability to simultaneously control the state engineering and its detection ensures both flexibility and scalability in the production of highly entangled non-Gaussian quantum states.
Nicolas Treps, Clément Jacquard, Young Sik Ra, Jonathan D. Roslund, Adrien Dufour, and Claude Fabre, "A single-photon subtractor for multimode quantum states (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10118, Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication X, 1011806 (Presented at SPIE OPTO: February 01, 2017; Published: 2 June 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2256360.5397361514001.
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