Two of the most successful microcresonator concepts are the vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL), where light is confined between distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs), and the distributed feedback (DFB) laser, where a periodic grating provides positive optical feedback to selected modes in an active waveguide (WG) layer. Our work concerns the combination of both into a composite device, facilitating coherent interaction between both regimes and giving rise to novel laser modes in the system. In a first realization, a full VCSEL stack with an organic active layer is evaporated on top of a diffraction grating with a large period (approximately 1 micron), leading to diffraction of waveguided modes into the surface emission of the device. Here, the coherent interaction between VCSEL and WG modes, as observed in an anticrossing of the dispersion lines, facilitates novel hybrid lasing modes with macroscopic in-plane coherence .
In further studies, we decrease the grating period of such devices to realise DFB conditions in a second-order Bragg grating which strongly couples photons via first-order light diffraction to the VCSEL. This efficient coupling can be compared to more classical cascade-coupled cavities and is successfully described by a coupled oscillator model . When both resonators are non-degenerate, they are able to function as independent structures without substantial diffraction losses. The realization of such novel devices provides a promising platform for photonic circuits based on organic microlasers.
 A. Mischok et al., Adv. Opt. Mater., early online, DOI: 10.1002/adom.201600282, (2016)
 T. Wagner et al., Appl. Phys. Lett., accepted, in production, (2016)
Andreas Mischok, Tim Wagner, Markas Sudzius, Robert Brückner, Hartmut Fröb, Vadim G. Lyssenko, and Karl Leo, "Novel hybrid laser modes in composite VCSEL-DFB microcavities (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10123, Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XVI, 101230O (Presented at SPIE OPTO: January 31, 2017; Published: 20 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2250556.5398643846001.
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