Volume Holographic Optical Elements (vHOEs) gained wide attention as optical combiners for the use in augmented and virtual reality (AR and VR, respectively) consumer electronics and automotive head-up display applications. The unique characteristics of these diffractive grating structures – being lightweight, thin and flat – make them perfectly suitable for use in integrated optical components like spectacle lenses and car windshields. While being transparent in Off-Bragg condition, they provide full color capability and adjustable diffraction efficiency. The instant developing photopolymer Bayfol® HX film provides an ideal technology platform to optimize the performance of vHOEs in a wide range of applications. Important for any commercialization are simple and robust mass production schemes. In this paper, we present an efficient and easy to control one-beam recording scheme to copy a so-called master vHOE in a step-and-repeat process. In this contact-copy scheme, Bayfol® HX film is laminated to a master stack before being exposed by a scanning laser line. Subsequently, the film is delaminated in a controlled fashion and bleached. We explain working principles of the one-beam copy concept and discuss the mechanical construction of the installed vHOE replication line. Moreover, we treat aspects like master design, effects of vibration and suppression of noise gratings. Furthermore, digital vHOEs are introduced as master holograms. They enable new ways of optical design and paths to large scale vHOEs.
Friedrich-Karl Bruder, Thomas Fäcke, Fabian Grote, Rainer Hagen, Dennis Hönel, Eberhard Koch, Christian Rewitz, Günther Walze, and Brita Wewer, "Mass production of volume holographic optical elements (vHOEs) using Bayfol(R) HX photopolymer film in a roll-to-roll copy process," Proc. SPIE 10127, Practical Holography XXXI: Materials and Applications, 101270A (Presented at SPIE OPTO: January 30, 2017; Published: 6 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2250933.
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