A compressed-sensing (CS) technique has been rapidly applied in medical imaging field for retrieving volumetric data from highly under-sampled projections. Among many variant forms, CS technique based on a total-variation (TV) regularization strategy shows fairly reasonable results in cone-beam geometry. In this study, we implemented the TV-based CS image reconstruction strategy in our prototype chest digital tomosynthesis (CDT) R/F system. Due to the iterative nature of time consuming processes in solving a cost function, we took advantage of parallel computing using graphics processing units (GPU) by the compute unified device architecture (CUDA) programming to accelerate our algorithm. In order to compare the algorithmic performance of our proposed CS algorithm, conventional filtered back-projection (FBP) and simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART) reconstruction schemes were also studied. The results indicated that the CS produced better contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) in the physical phantom images (Teflon region-of-interest) by factors of 3.91 and 1.93 than FBP and SART images, respectively. The resulted human chest phantom images including lung nodules with different diameters also showed better visual appearance in the CS images. Our proposed GPU-accelerated CS reconstruction scheme could produce volumetric data up to 80 times than CPU programming. Total elapsed time for producing 50 coronal planes with 1024×1024 image matrix using 41 projection views were 216.74 seconds for proposed CS algorithms on our GPU programming, which could match the clinically feasible time (~ 3 min). Consequently, our results demonstrated that the proposed CS method showed a potential of additional dose reduction in digital tomosynthesis with reasonable image quality in a fast time.
Sunghoon Choi, Haenghwa Lee, Donghoon Lee, Seungyeon Choi, Jungwook Shin, Woojin Jang, Chang-Woo Seo, and Hee-Joung Kim, "GPU-accelerated compressed-sensing (CS) image reconstruction in chest digital tomosynthesis (CDT) using CUDA programming," Proc. SPIE 10132, Medical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging, 1013202 (Presented at SPIE Medical Imaging: February 13, 2017; Published: 9 March 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2254206.
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