Previous studies have demonstrated that fatigue impacts diagnostic accuracy, especially for those in training. We continued this line of investigation to determine if fatigue has any impact on a common source of errors – satisfaction of search (SOS). SOS requires subjects to participate in 2 sessions (SOS and non-SOS) and so does fatigue (fatigued and not fatigued) so we ran subjets in only the fatigued condition and used a previous non-fatigued study as the comparison. We used 64 chest computed radiographs half demonstrating various ‘‘test’’ abnormalities were read twice by 20 radiologists, once with and once without the addition of a simulated pulmonary nodule. Receiver-operating characteristic detection accuracy and decision thresholds were analyzed to study the effects of adding the nodule on detecting the test abnormalities. Adding nodules did not influence detection accuracy (ROC AUC SOS = 0.667; non-SOS = 0.679), but did induce a reluctance to report them. Adding nodules did not affect inspection time so the reluctance to report was not associated with reduced search. Fatigue did not appear to exacerbate the SOS effect. A second study with fractures revealed the same shift in performance but did reduce viewing times when fatigued. The results of these two studies suggest that the impact of fatigue on SOS is more complicated than expected and thus may require more investigation to fully understand its impact in the clinic.
Elizabeth A. Krupinski, Kevin Schartz, Robert Caldwell, Mark Madsen, and Kevin S. Berbaum, "Does fatigue have any impact on satisfaction of search?," Proc. SPIE 10136, Medical Imaging 2017: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 1013605 (Presented at SPIE Medical Imaging: February 12, 2017; Published: 10 March 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253906.
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