Voxel-based analysis is widely used in quantitative analysis of structural brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and automated disease detection, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, noise at the voxel level may cause low sensitivity to AD-induced structural abnormalities. This can be addressed with the use of a whole brain structural segmentation approach which greatly reduces the dimension of features (the number of voxels). In this paper, we propose an automatic AD diagnosis system that combines such whole brain segmen- tations with advanced machine learning methods. We used a multi-atlas segmentation technique to parcellate T1-weighted images into 54 distinct brain regions and extract their structural volumes to serve as the features for principal-component-analysis-based dimension reduction and support-vector-machine-based classification. The relationship between the number of retained principal components (PCs) and the diagnosis accuracy was systematically evaluated, in a leave-one-out fashion, based on 28 AD subjects and 23 age-matched healthy subjects. Our approach yielded pretty good classification results with 96.08% overall accuracy being achieved using the three foremost PCs. In addition, our approach yielded 96.43% specificity, 100% sensitivity, and 0.9891 area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.
Yuan Luo and Xiaoying Tang, "Automated diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease with multi-atlas based whole brain segmentations," Proc. SPIE 10137, Medical Imaging 2017: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 1013712 (Presented at SPIE Medical Imaging: February 14, 2017; Published: 13 March 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2253684.
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