Dual sensing artificial muscles based on conducting polymer are faradaic motors driven by electrochemical reactions, which announce the development of proprioceptive devices. The applicability of different composites has been investigated with the aim to improve the performance. Addition of carbon nanotubes may reduce irreversible reactions. We present the testing of a dual sensing artificial muscle based on a conducting polymer and carbon nanotubes composite. Large bending motions (up to 127 degrees) in aqueous solution and simultaneously sensing abilities of the operation conditions are recorded. The sensing and actuation equations are derived for incorporation into a control system.
J. Schumacher, Toribio F. Otero, and Victor H. Pascual, "Dual sensing-actuation artificial muscle based on polypyrrole-carbon nanotube composite," Proc. SPIE 10163, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2017, 1016308 (Presented at SPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring: March 26, 2017; Published: 17 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2259880.
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