In 1977 McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company began a project on using fiber optic sensors to support the Delta
Rocket program. This resulted in a series of fiber sensors to support the measurement of rotation, acoustics, vibration,
strain, and temperature for a variety of applications and early work on fiber optic smart structures. The work on fiber
optic smart structures transitioned in part to Blue Road Research in 1993 and continued in 2006 to the present at
Columbia Gorge Research. This paper summarizes some of the efforts made by these companies to implement fiber
optic smart structures over this forty year period.
Eric Udd and Ingrid Udd Scheel, "A forty-year history of fiber optic smart structures," Proc. SPIE 10166, Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2017, 1016602 (Presented at SPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring: March 26, 2017; Published: 4 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2249921.
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