The evolution of additive manufacturing has allowed engineers to use 3D printing for many purposes. As a natural consequence of the 3D printing process, the printed object is anisotropic. As part of an ongoing project to embed piezoelectric devices in 3D printed structures for structural health monitoring (SHM), this study aims to find the mechanical properties of the 3D printed material and the influence of different external factors on those properties. The orthotropic mechanical properties of a 3D printed structure are dependent on the printing parameters used to create the structure. In order to develop an orthotropic material model, mechanical properties will be found experimentally from additively manufactured samples created from polylactic acid (PLA) using a consumer-level fused deposition modeling (FDM) printer; the Lulzbot TAZ 6. Nine mechanical constants including three Young's moduli, three Poisson’s ratios, and three shear moduli are needed to fully describe the 3D elastic behavior of the material. Printed specimens with different raster orientations and print orientations allow calculation of the different material constants. In this work, seven of the nine mechanical constants were found. Two shear moduli were unable to be measured due to difficulties in printing two of the sample orientations. These mechanical properties are needed in order to develop orthotropic material models of systems employing 3D printed PLA. The results from this paper will be used to create a model of a piezoelectric transducer embedded in a 3D printed structure for structural health monitoring.
Bastien Poissenot-Arrigoni, Austin Scheyer, and Steven R. Anton, "Determination of orthotropic mechanical properties of 3D printed parts for structural health monitoring," Proc. SPIE 10168, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2017, 101681D (Presented at SPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring: March 28, 2017; Published: 12 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2260397.
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