Each of the methods have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. The terahertz spectroscopy is a specialized technique suitable for detecting deterioration inside the structure, but is not suitable for in performance monitoring. Similarly the infrared thermography technique in the active domain may be used for in situ monitoring but not in in-service assessment. Both methods allow the visualization of the internal structure and hence allow identification of the type and the extent of damage. Fibre optic sensors (especially FBG) due to their small diameter and no need of calibration can be permanently integrated within the sample and applied for continuous dynamic strain measurements. The measured strain is treated as an input for neutral axis (NA) method, which as a damage sensitive feature may be used for in-service monitoring but gives absolutely no information about the type and extent of damage.
The results for damage detection based on proposed comparative studies give a complete description of the analyzed structure.