Despite the large availability of geospatial data, registration and exploitation of these datasets remains a persis- tent challenge in geoinformatics. Popular signal processing and machine learning algorithms, such as non-linear SVMs and neural networks, rely on well-formatted input models as well as reliable output labels, which are not always immediately available. In this paper we outline a pipeline for gathering, registering, and classifying initially unlabeled wide-area geospatial data. As an illustrative example, we demonstrate the training and test- ing of a convolutional neural network to recognize 3D models in the OGRIP 2007 LiDAR dataset using fuzzy labels derived from OpenStreetMap as well as other datasets available on OpenTopography.org. When auxiliary label information is required, various text and natural language processing filters are used to extract and cluster keywords useful for identifying potential target classes. A subset of these keywords are subsequently used to form multi-class labels, with no assumption of independence. Finally, we employ class-dependent geometry extraction routines to identify candidates from both training and testing datasets. Our regression networks are able to identify the presence of 6 structural classes, including roads, walls, and buildings, in volumes as big as 8000 m3 in as little as 1.2 seconds on a commodity 4-core Intel CPU. The presented framework is neither dataset nor sensor-modality limited due to the registration process, and is capable of multi-sensor data-fusion.
Abhejit Rajagopal, Karthik Chellappan, Shivkumar Chandrasekaran, and Andrew P. Brown, "A machine learning pipeline for automated registration and classification of 3D lidar data," Proc. SPIE 10199, Geospatial Informatics, Fusion, and Motion Video Analytics VII, 101990D (Presented at SPIE Defense + Security: April 12, 2017; Published: 1 May 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2262872.
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