From Event: SPIE Commercial + Scientific Sensing and Imaging, 2017
Currently, fibre networks are only way how to satisfy the ever growing needs for more bandwidth. Thanks to that the optical fibre can be found almost anywhere and new applications and services can be transmitted through the networks. Accurate time transfer, ultra-stable frequency transfer and fibre-optic sensors networks have been rather common. High speed data transmission, time and frequency transmission, and fibre-optic sensors must share the common fibre-optic infrastructure because it would not be economically feasible to build separate fibre networks for long distances. Each system has individual transmission requirements and is prone to another type of interference. Data transmission systems based on DP-QPSK or DP-xQAM use digital signal processing for signal recovering but it cannot fully compensate signal degradation due to polarization dependent loss and nonlinear effects which are the most dominant sources of signal degradation. Accurate time signals are slow and often OOK modulated, therefore may experience the degrading effect of chromatic dispersion. Ultra-stable frequency signals are not modulated at all information transmitted is the frequency of photons and such signals are continuous wave, but they suffer from phase noise also environmentally introduced, e.g. by vibrations. For phase sensitive OTDR sensor systems the high power pulses are necessary to use which may cause interference with other signals. For this reason, parallel and simultaneous transmission in DWDM spectral grids of standard data, time, frequency, and sensing signals is rather new and unexplored area of research.
P. Munster, J. Radil, J. Vojtech, O. Havlis, T. Horvath, V. Smotlacha, and E. Skaljo, "Simultaneous transmission of the high-power phase sensitive OTDR, 100Gbps dual polarisation QPSK, accurate time/frequency, and their mutual interferences," Proc. SPIE 10208, Fiber Optic Sensors and Applications XIV, 102080D (Presented at SPIE Commercial + Scientific Sensing and Imaging: April 11, 2017; Published: 27 April 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2267259.
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