From Event: SPIE Commercial + Scientific Sensing and Imaging, 2017
Sensorized robot skin has considerable promise to enhance robots’ tactile perception of surrounding environments. For physical human-robot interaction (pHRI) or autonomous manipulation, a high spatial sensor density is required, typically driven by the skin location on the robot. In our previous study, a 4x4 flexible array of strain sensors were printed and packaged onto Kapton sheets and silicone encapsulants. In this paper, we are extending the surface area of the patch to larger arrays with up to 128 tactel elements. To address scalability, sensitivity, and calibration challenges, a novel electronic module, free of the traditional signal conditioning circuitry was created. The electronic design relies on a software-based calibration scheme using high-resolution analog-to-digital converters with internal programmable gain amplifiers. In this paper, we first show the efficacy of the proposed method with a 4x4 skin array using controlled pressure tests, and then perform procedures to evaluate each sensor’s characteristics such as dynamic force-to-strain property, repeatability, and signal-to-noise-ratio. In order to handle larger sensor surfaces, an automated force-controlled test cycle was carried out. Results demonstrate that our approach leads to reliable and efficient methods for extracting tactile models for use in future interaction with collaborative robots.
Mohammad Nasser Saadatzi, Joshua R. Baptist, Indika B. Wijayasinghe, and Dan O. Popa, "Characterization of large-area pressure sensitive robot skin," Proc. SPIE 10216, Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology XIV, 102160G (Presented at SPIE Commercial + Scientific Sensing and Imaging: April 10, 2017; Published: 16 May 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2262821.
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