Silica optical fibers doped with rare-earth elements are key components of high-power fiber lasers operating in near-infrared region up to 2.1 μm. In this contribution we deal with preparation and optical characterization of silica-based optical preforms and fibers doped with thulium for fiber lasers operating around 2 μm. A set of fibers with thulium concentration ranges 1000-5000 ppm was prepared by the MCVD solution doping method and characterized. A decrease of fluorescence lifetime of thulium from 487 μs to 378 μs was observed with increasing rare-earth concentration in fiber core. This phenomenon can be explained by energy transfer between ions and ion clustering. Fabricated fibers were suitable for use in fiber lasers.
M. Kamrádek, J. Aubrecht, P. Peterka, O. Podrazký, P. Honzátko, J. Cajzl, J. Mrázek, V. Kubeček, and I. Kašik, "Spectral properties of thulium doped optical fibers for fiber lasers around 2 micrometers," Proc. SPIE 10232, Micro-structured and Specialty Optical Fibres V, 1023205 (Presented at SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics: April 26, 2017; Published: 16 May 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2265697.
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