The generation and amplification at wavelengths longer than 1100 nm is not straightforward when using Yb-doped optical fibers, since light emission of ytterbium occurs preferentially in the region of 1020 nm - 1100 nm with a maximum at 1030 nm. One well known approach is to heat the Yb-doped fiber up to temperatures above 100 °C. This increases the re-absorption in the lower emission band and also enhances at the same time the emission at longer wavelengths. Consequently, heating allows to extend the spectral gain-region of Yb-doped fibers by at least 60 nm up to 1160 nm. However, the drawback of this method is that it results in a shorter durability of the fiber, since heating damages the polymer-coating. Moreover, such a laser has a reduced overall efficiency, due to heating, isolation and heat removal issues. It has been reported, that at the presence of an aluminosilca host (silica doped with Al) efficient laser activity at around 1150 nm can be achieved by heating the Yb-doped fiber to only 60 °C. In this work we investigate the spectroscopy of a heated Yb-doped fiber with a high aluminum concentration. The fiber is drawn in our in-house fiber drawing tower. The preforms are produced by the sol-gel-based granulated silica method which allows us to vary the aluminum as well as the ytterbium concentrations within a large range. The fiber is investigated with respect to their spectroscopic data as well as their lasing performance.
C. Bacher, J. Scheuner, S. Pilz, A. El Sayed, M. Ryser, A. Heidt, and V. Romano, "Spectroscopy of a heated Yb-doped optical fiber with high aluminum content," Proc. SPIE 10232, Micro-structured and Specialty Optical Fibres V, 102320J (Presented at SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics: April 27, 2017; Published: 16 May 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2268872.
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