The Photon Arrival and Length Monitor (PALM), a THz streak camera device developed by PSI for non-destructive hard x-ray measurements of photon pulse length and arrival time versus a pump laser, was brought to the SACLA XFEL in Japan in a cross-calibration temporal diagnostics campaign after an initial experiment where only the PALM was being used. The device was used with 9 keV pink beam and a 9.0 and 8.8 keV two-color mode, successfully measuring the temporal ifnromation of the pulses for several different FEL operating conditions. The most interesting achievement is the PALM’s ability to measure two arrival times of the two colorors as tey are shifted against each other by the FEL, opening up new possibilities in temporal accuracy for two-color experiments. SwissFEL will employ two such devices at the end stations for use by both operators and experimenters to improve the operation of the FEL and to better interpret experimental data.
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Pavle Juranic, Ishkhan Gorgisyan, Christian Erny, Rasmus Ischebeck, Luc Patthey, Claude Pradervand, Christopher J. Milne, H. Lemke, Andreas Dax, Milan Radovic, Christoph P. Hauri, Shigeki Owada, Tadashi Togashi, Tsukasa Katayama, and Makina Yabashi, "Temporal diagnostics from photons: the experience with the PALM (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10237, Advances in X-ray Free-Electron Lasers Instrumentation IV, 1023705 (Presented at SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics: April 25, 2017; Published: 25 January 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2269770.5472490440001.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon