Electron acceleration with optical injection by a perpendicularly propagating and orthogonally polarized low intensity laser pulse into a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a short intense laser pulse was explored by particle- in-cell simulations. The scheme presented here provides an energetic electron bunch in the first ion cavity with a low energy spread. The electron bunch short and compact, with the mean energy about 400 MeV and a low energy spread about 10 MeV in time of 6 ps of acceleration. The injected charge is several tens of pC for the low intensity of the injection pulse. Initial positions of electrons forming the energetic bunch are shown and then these electrons are followed during the simulation in order to understand the injection process and determine electron bunch properties.
Vojtěch Horný, Václav Petržílka, Ondřej Klimo, and Miroslav Krůs, "Short energetic electron bunches from laser wakefield accelerator with orthogonally polarized perpendicularly crossed laser pulses," Proc. SPIE 10240, Laser Acceleration of Electrons, Protons, and Ions IV, 1024011 (Presented at SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics: April 26, 2017; Published: 7 May 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2265085.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon