In this work we present a design to enhance absorption of infrared light by a fluid analyte being in contact with a slot photonic crystal ring resonator (slot-PCRR). For this purpose, we propose a new PCRR design facilitating higher interaction between guided mode and analyte. These types of PCRRs are based on two-dimensional photonic crystals, which consist of an array of holes in a silicon slab being arranged in a hexagonal lattice. The holes will be filled with liquid analyte. A slot is embedded in this hexagonal ring cavity to create a slot-PCRR. The strong confinement of light in the low index region, occupied by the analyte, is the key advantage of the slot- PCRR. We also calculate the relative intensity change in the transmission spectrum due to the absorption in the analyte. The maximum change obtained is given by a mode which has most of the electromagnetic field energy in the region the region filled with the analyte. Furthermore, this mode is well separated from neighboring bands, which has the advantage that impinging light with specified frequency is less likely to spuriously couple to other modes with the same frequency, which would decrease the amount of energy coupled to desired mode. The slot-PCRR yields a higher relative change due to absorption compared to the PCRR without a slot. In this work, the radii of six rods at the outer PhC were tuned to enhance the quality factor of slot-PCRR. Using these optimum values of radii, the Q-factor rises up to 80000.
R. Jannesari, T. Grille, U. Hedenig, and B. Jakoby, "High sensitivity liquid sensing by optimized slot photonic crystal ring resonator ," Proc. SPIE 10249, Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications IV, 102490B (Presented at SPIE Microtechnologies: May 10, 2017; Published: 30 May 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2265593.
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