For vortex fiber multiplexing to reach practical commercial viability, simple silicon photonic interfaces with vortex fiber will be required. These interfaces must support multiplexing. Toward this goal, an efficient singlefed multimode Forked Grating Coupler (FGC) for coupling two different optical vortex OAM charges to or from the TE0 and TE1 rectangular waveguide modes has been developed. A simple, apodized device implemented with e-beam lithography and a conventional dual-etch processing on SOI wafer exhibits low crosstalk and reasonable mode match. Advanced designs using this concept are expected to further improve performance.
Christopher T. Nadovich, Derek J. Kosciolek, David T. Crouse, and William D. Jemison, "Multiplexing of adjacent vortex modes with the forked grating coupler," Proc. SPIE 10343, Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2017, 103431N (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 09, 2017; Published: 24 August 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2272046.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon