Optical-electronic Integrated Neural Co-processor takes vital part in optical neural network, which is mainly realized by optical interconnects. Because of the accuracy requirement and long-term goal of integration, optical interconnects should be effective and pint-size. In traditional solutions of optical interconnects, holography built on crystalloid or law of Fresnel diffraction exploited on zone plate was used. However, holographic method cannot meet the efficiency requirement and zone plate is too bulk to make the optical neural unit miniaturization. Thus, this paper aims to find a way to replace holographic method or zone plate with enough diffraction efficiency and smaller size. Metasurfaces are composed of subwavelength-spaced phase shifters at an interface of medium. Metasurfaces allow for unprecedented control of light properties. They also have advanced optical technology of enabling versatile functionalities in a planar structure. In this paper, a nanostructure is presented for optical interconnects. The comparisons of light splitting ability and simulated crosstalk between nanostructure and zone plate are also made.
Shulang Lin and Huarong Gu, "A nanostructure based on metasurfaces for optical interconnects," Proc. SPIE 10354, Nanoengineering: Fabrication, Properties, Optics, and Devices XIV, 103540J (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 09, 2017; Published: 31 August 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2273500.
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