Topological insulators are characterized by the quantum anomalous Hall effect on the topological surface states under time-reversal symmetry breaking. While this effect has been recently observed in a magneto-optical setup upon illumination of weak linearly polarized light, the influence of intense optical field remains largely unexplored. Using the Keldysh-Floquet Green's function formalism, we develop a theory for the dynamical Hall conductivity for arbitrary incident optical frequency in the intense optical field regime. We apply our general theory to the adiabatic, low-frequency regime, and study the breakdown of the one-half Hall quantization under intense optical field. Our results reveal a strong nonlinear dependence of the dynamical Hall conductivity on the incident optical field, which is triggered by the formation of Floquet subbands and the transitions between them.
Wang-Kong Tse, "Dynamical quantum anomalous Hall effect in the intense optical field regime (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10357, Spintronics X, 103570Y (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 07, 2017; Published: 29 September 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2275968.5593147568001.
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