From Event: SPIE Organic Photonics + Electronics, 2017
Organic semiconductors (OSCs) have found numerous applications in thin film electronic devices, including displays, sensors, lighting, and solar cells. OSCs offer the advantage that they can be modified by synthetic chemists to fulfill specific needs, and that they are not limited to being made from single elements or compositional alloys. For example, organic photovoltaics (OPVs) have reached nearly 13% power conversion efficiency (PCE) in small area devices using traditional polymer-fullerene blends, yet non-polymer and non-fullerene composites are now also showing PCEs above 10%. The flexibility offered by synthetic manipulation also presents a challenge: progress towards the discovery of next-generation, high-performance materials can be stifled by the bottleneck of device optimization through process engineering. High-throughput screening techniques that provide high fidelity performance metrics can circumvent this problem and will become important tools to accelerate material development. Here, we introduce such a tool, based on unique microwave conductivity capabilities, and illustrate a cost- and time-effective approach to evaluate the potential of promising new materials, independent of their bulk (i.e., device optimized) thin-film performance. We demonstrate the power of this approach, by correlating figures of merit from our screening tool to the OPV device performance for a library of current state-of-the-art OSCs, based on both polymer and small molecule chemical structure motifs. Finally, in the context of polymeric materials, we highlight the sensitivity of the screening process to physicochemical properties (e.g., molecular weight) and suggest that our tool can be employed for batch-to-batch quality control.
Andrew J. Ferguson, Bryon W. Larson, Bertrand J. Tremolet de Villers, Wade A. Braunecker, and Ross E. Larsen, "RAMP-ing the discovery of high-performance organic photovoltaic materials (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10363, Organic, Hybrid, and Perovskite Photovoltaics XVIII, 103630K (Presented at SPIE Organic Photonics + Electronics: August 09, 2017; Published: 19 September 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274640.5581151856001.
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