From Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2017
Combining traditional phosphors with a broad emission spectrum and non-scattering quantum dots with a narrow emission spectrum can have multiple advantages for white LEDs. It allows to reduce the amount of scattering in the wavelength conversion element, increasing the efficiency of the complete system. Furthermore, the unique possibility to tune the emission spectrum of quantum dots allows to optimize the resulting LED spectrum in order to achieve optimal color rendering properties for the light source. However, finding the optimal quantum dot properties to achieve optimal efficacy and color rendering is a non-trivial task. Instead of simply summing up the emission spectra of the blue LED, phosphor and quantum dots, we propose a complete simulation tool that allows an accurate analysis of the final performance for a range of different quantum dot synthesis parameters. The recycling of the reflected light from the wavelength conversion element by the LED package is taken into account, as well as the re-absorption and the associated red-shift. This simulation tool is used to vary two synthesis parameters (core size and cadmium fraction) of InP/CdxZn1-xSe quantum dots. We find general trends for the ideal quantum dot that should be combined with a specific YAG:Ce broad band phosphor to obtain optimal efficiency and color rendering for a white LED with a specific pumping LED and recycling cavity, with a desired CCT of 3500K.
Jana Ryckaert, António Correia, Kevin Smet, Mickael D. Tessier, Dorian Dupont, Zeger Hens, Peter Hanselaer, and Youri Meuret, "Selecting the optimal synthesis parameters of InP/Cd[x]Zn[1-x]Se quantum dots when combined with different broad band phosphors to optimize color rendering and efficiency of a remote phosphor white LED," Proc. SPIE 10378, Sixteenth International Conference on Solid State Lighting and LED-based Illumination Systems, 103780K (Presented at SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications: August 09, 2017; Published: 8 September 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274179.
Selecting the optimal synthesis parameters of InP/Cd[x]Zn[1-x]Se quantum dots when combined with different broad band phosphors to optimize color rendering and efficiency of a remote phosphor white LED
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