From Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2017
Solid-state optical comb-pulse generators provide a convenient and accurate method to include timing fiducials in a streak camera image for time base correction. Commercially available vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSEL’s) emitting in the visible currently in use can be modulated up to 2 GHz. An optically passive method is presented to interleave a time-delayed path of the 2-GHz comb with itself, producing a 4-GHz comb. This technique can be applied to VCSEL’s with higher modulation rates. A fiber-delivered, randomly polarized 2-GHz VCSEL comb is polarization split into s-polarization and p-polarization paths. One path is time delayed relative to the other by twice the 2-GHz rate with ±1-ps accuracy; the two paths then recombine at the fiber-coupled output. High throughput (≥90%) is achieved by carefully using polarization beam-splitting cubes, a total internal reflection beam-path–steering prism, and antireflection coatings. The glass path-length delay block and turning prism are optically contacted together. The beam polarizer cubes that split and recombine the paths are precision aligned and permanently cemented into place. We expect the palm-sized, inline fiber-coupled, comb-rate–doubling device to maintain its internal alignment indefinitely.
R. Boni, J. Kendrick, and C. Sorce, "An optically passive method that doubles the rate of 2-Ghz timing fiducials," Proc. SPIE 10390, Target Diagnostics Physics and Engineering for Inertial Confinement Fusion VI, 1039003 (Presented at SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications: August 08, 2017; Published: 24 August 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2275698.
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