From Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2017
Direct Imaging of exoplanets using a coronagraph has become a major field of research both on the ground and in space. Key to the science of direct imaging is the spectroscopic capabilities of the instrument, our ability to fit spectra, and understanding the composition of the observed planets. Direct imaging instruments generally use an integral field spectrograph (IFS), which encodes the spectrum into a two-dimensional image on the detector. This results in more efficient detection and characterization of targets, and the spectral information is critical to achieving detection limits below the speckle floor of the imager. The most mature application of these techniques is at more modest contrast ratios on ground-based telescopes, achieving approximately 5-6 orders of magnitude suppression. In space, where we are attempting to detect Earth-analogs, the contrast requirements are more severe and the IFS must be incorporated into the wavefront control loop to reach 1e-10 detection limits required for Earth-like planet detection. We present the objectives and application of IFS imagery for both a speckle control loop and post-processing of images. Results, tested methodologies, and the future work using the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS) and the Prototype Imaging Spectrograph for Coronagraphic Exoplanet Studies (PISCES) at the JPL High Contrast Imaging Testbed are presented.
Tyler D. Groff, Camilo Mejia Prada, Eric Cady, Maxime J. Rizzo, Avi Mandell, Qian Gong, Michael McElwain, Neil Zimmerman, Prabal Saxena, and Olivier Guyon, "Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy," Proc. SPIE 10400, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII, 104000Q (Presented at SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications: August 09, 2017; Published: 1 September 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274709.
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