From Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2017
For imaging spectrometers beside the polarization sensitivity and efficiency the imaging quality of the diffraction grating is essential. Low aberration imaging quality of the grating is required not to limit the overall imaging quality of the instrument. The wavefront aberration of an optical grating is a combination of the substrate wavefront and the grating wavefront. During the manufacturing process of the grating substrate different processes can be applied in order to minimize the wavefront aberrations. The imaging performance of the grating is also optimized due to the recording setup of the holography and a special technique to apply blazed profiles also in photoresist of curved substrates.
This technology of holographically manufactured gratings is used for transmission and reflection gratings on different types of substrates like prisms, convex and concave spherical and aspherical surface shapes, free-form elements. All the manufactured gratings are monolithic and can be coated with high reflection and anti-reflection coatings. Prism substrates were used to manufacture monolithic GRISM elements for the UV to IR spectral range preferably working in transmission. Besides of transmission gratings, numerous spectrometer setups (e.g. Offner, Rowland circle, Czerny-Turner system layout) working on the optical design principles of reflection gratings. The present approach can be applied to manufacture high quality reflection gratings for the EUV to the IR.
In this paper we report our latest results on manufacturing lowest wavefront aberration gratings based on holographic processes in order to enable at least diffraction limited complex spectrometric setups over certain wavelength ranges. Beside the results of low aberration gratings the latest achievements on improving efficiency together with less polarization sensitivity and multi-band performance of diffractive gratings will be shown.
Peter Triebel, Tobias Moeller, Torsten Diehl, Alexandre Gatto, Alexander Pesch, Lars Erdmann, Matthias Burkhardt, and Alexander Kalies, "Imaging gratings: Technology and applications for spectrometers (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10402, Earth Observing Systems XXII, 104020J (Presented at SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications: August 07, 2017; Published: 19 September 2017); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2275131.5581292823001.
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