The ability to predict success or failure of wound healing strategies in burns has the potential to enable customized treatments tailored for the individual patient that would ultimately shorten recovery times, reduce the need for repeated grafting, and aid in achieving full rehabilitation. To this end, we are investigating the potential for spatial frequency domain imaging (SFDI) to non-invasively assess wound severity and healing status. SFDI is a wide-field diffuse optical imaging technique that enables non-invasive quantitative determination of in vivo tissue optical properties associated with physiologic structure and function.
We have employed SFDI in a longitudinal study of wound healing using a controlled porcine burn model. Regions of wound repair using split thickness skin grafts were imaged using SFDI at multiple time points over a period of 60 days. The reduced scattering and absorption coefficients were determined at nine wavelengths spanning 470–970 nm, enabling determination of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration, total hemoglobin concentration, oxygen saturation, and water fraction. These values obtained were compared to unburned control regions, undebrided burns, and debrided regions without treatment by grafting. Changes in the reduced scattering associated with structural changes in tissue correlate with histology as the wound heals. Compared to unburned tissue, the reduced scattering coefficient associated with repaired wounds is depressed and is spatially heterogeneous immediately following grafting. Over the course of healing, the scattering values increase and converge toward values of normal tissue and become more spatially homogeneous. Variations in chromophore concentrations are also characterized.
Gordon T. Kennedy, Randolph Stone, Andrew C. Kowalczewski, Jeffrey H. Chen, Rebecca A. Rowland, Melissa L. Baldado, Adrien Ponticorvo, and Anthony J. Durkin, "Spatial frequency domain imaging tracks healing following split-thickness skin grafts of burn wounds (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10467, Photonics in Dermatology and Plastic Surgery 2018, 104670E (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 27, 2018; Published: 14 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2290961.5751314498001.
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