High resolution imaging of whole rodent brains using serial OCT scanners is a promising method to investigate microstructural changes in tissue related to the evolution of neuropathologies. Although micron to sub-micron sampling resolution can be obtained by using high numerical aperture objectives and dynamic focusing, such an imaging system is not adapted to whole brain imaging. This is due to the large amount of data it generates and the significant computational resources required for reconstructing such volumes. To address this limitation, a dual resolution serial OCT scanner was developed. The optical setup consists in a swept-source OCT made of two sample and reference arms, each arm being coupled with different microscope objectives (3X / 40X). Motorized flip mirrors were used to switch between each OCT arm, thus allowing low and high resolution acquisitions within the same sample. The low resolution OCT volumes acquired with the 3X arm were stitched together, providing a 3D map of the whole mouse brain. This brain can be registered to an OCT brain template to enable neurological structures localization. The high resolution volumes acquired with the 40X arm were also stitched together to create local high resolution 3D maps of the tissue microstructure. The 40X data can be acquired at any arbitrary location in the sample, thus limiting storage-heavy high resolution data to application restricted to specific regions of interest. By providing dual-resolution OCT data, this setup can be used to validate diffusion MRI with tissue microstructure derived metrics measured at any location in ex vivo brains.
Joël Lefebvre, Alexandre Castonguay, and Frédéric Lesage, "Imaging whole mouse brains with a dual resolution serial swept-source optical coherence tomography scanner," Proc. SPIE 10481, Neural Imaging and Sensing 2018, 104810I (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 29, 2018; Published: 12 February 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288521.
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