It has been observed that there is a low-frequency oscillation (LFO) around 0.1 Hz in cerebral hemodynamics related to brain activity. Since functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a novel technique to monitor hemodynamic responses noninvasively, we applied it to detect LFOs of cerebral hemodynamic parameters, such as oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin, during prolonged driving. We performed an experiment lasting for 7 hours and an experimental test was done every hour and 8 times altogether. 7 subjects were recruited and the data of 3 of them were analyzed. By means of Fourier transformation, the amplitude of the three parameters during each test at 0.1 Hz in frequency domain was extracted. The results showed an increasing trend in the 0.1 Hz amplitudes of the three hemodynamic parameters during 7 hours' simulated driving test. Our findings indicated the potential of LFOs of prefrontal cerebral hemodynamics in brain research and brain function evaluation.
Zishan Deng, Yuan Gao, and Ting Li, "Low-frequency oscillation amplitude elevation of prefrontal cerebral hemodynamics with driving duration during prolonged driving test," Proc. SPIE 10481, Neural Imaging and Sensing 2018, 104810Y (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 30, 2018; Published: 12 February 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2287080.
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