Photoacoustic (PA) signals carry information of the absorbing chromophores and the light distribution in imaged samples. The dependence of light distribution with optical wavelength affects the accuracy in PA chromophore quantification. Oxygen saturation (sO2) estimations maybe inaccurate in-depth due to the lack of proper fluence compensation. We propose the use of the PA radiofrequency spectral slope (SS) to generate a frequency filter to match the fluence across optical wavelengths.
The SS is calculated from the ratio of the radiofrequency power spectra at the selected optical wavelengths. The SS relays information about the absorbers’ size and the light distribution. At the imaged optical wavelengths of the same sample, the SS-estimated size should in principle remain unchanged. This suggests that any changes in the measured SS as a function of optical wavelength can be attributed to the light distribution. A frequency filter can be designed from the computed SS and applied to compensate the PA images.
A 5mm phantom consisting of fresh blood, intralipid and gelatin was imaged using the VevoLAZR system at 750 and 850nm. A square sliding window sized 1.6mm with 80% overlap is applied to segment the generated radiofrequency signals. The designed ultrasound filter was applied to each segmented signal.
As a result, the fluence-induced depth fluctuations in the sO2 estimations dropped from 9.49%/mm to 1.83%/mm. This will allow for more accurate sO2 estimates that are less depth dependent. The approach provides a new perspective for fluence compensation which can aid in improving chromophore quantification using PA imaging.
Muhannad N. Fadhel, Eno Hysi, and Michael C. Kolios, "Fluence-matching method based on photoacoustic radiofrequency spectraTR (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10494, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2018, 104941E (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 29, 2018; Published: 15 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2291329.5752208713001.
Conference Presentations are recordings of oral presentations given at SPIE conferences and published as part of the conference proceedings. They include the speaker's narration along with a video recording of the presentation slides and animations. Many conference presentations also include full-text papers. Search and browse our growing collection of more than 14,000 conference presentations, including many plenary and keynote presentations.
Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon