Quantification of tissue properties with photoacoustic (PA) imaging typically requires a highly accurate representation of the initial pressure distribution in tissue. Almost all PA scanners reconstruct the PA image only from a partial scan of the emitted sound waves. Especially handheld devices, which have become increasingly popular due to their versatility and ease of use, only provide limited view data because of their geometry. Owing to such limitations in hardware as well as to the acoustic attenuation in tissue, state-of-the-art reconstruction methods deliver only approximations of the initial pressure distribution. To overcome the limited view problem, we present a machine learning-based approach to the reconstruction of initial pressure from limited view PA data. Our method involves a fully convolutional deep neural network based on a U-Net-like architecture with pixel-wise regression loss on the acquired PA images. It is trained and validated on in silico data generated with Monte Carlo simulations. In an initial study we found an increase in accuracy over the state-of-the-art when reconstructing simulated linear-array scans of blood vessels.
Dominik Waibel, Janek Gröhl, Fabian Isensee, Thomas Kirchner, Klaus Maier-Hein, and Lena Maier-Hein, "Reconstruction of initial pressure from limited view photoacoustic images using deep learning," Proc. SPIE 10494, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2018, 104942S (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 31, 2018; Published: 19 February 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288353.
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