Advancements in nanotechnology sensors have aided in the detection of subtle, but significant cellular deviations that may mark certain stages of diseases. Gold nanorods (GNRs) are often studied for this purpose due to their tunable optical properties and ease in surface functionalization. The absorption properties of GNRs are governed by the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), which strongly depends on the GNR’s aspect ratio and on interparticle interactions. By controlling the coupling of nearby rods, a sensor can be created to respond to temperature fluctuations in the local environment. Here, we fabricated thermo-responsive gold nanorod assemblies by conjugating GNRs in end-to-end or side-by-side configurations using Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAM). End-to-end assemblies were fabricated through mixture of GNRs and PNIPAM in DI water. GNRs and PNIPAM were combined in DI water and dimethylformamide (DMF) under sonication to achieve side-by-side configuration. The optical absorption of the assemblies was measured by UV-Visible spectroscopy at different temperatures. As the temperature increased, the polymer contracted and initiated plasmon coupling between the GNRs. The optical spectrum experienced a blue- or red-shift for side-by-side or end-to-end configurations, respectively. Spectral tunability reversal was observed when cooled. Experimental results were verified by finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations, which demonstrated spectral shifts under similar parameters. We present methods for fabrication of thermo-responsive gold nanorods for use as a local thermal nanosensor.
Gilbert Bustamante, Katherine Carrizales, Frank DeLuna, Nicolas Large, and Jing Yong Ye, "Fabrication and characterization of thermo-responsive gold nanorod assemblies
," Proc. SPIE 10507, Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII, 105070B (Presented at SPIE BiOS: January 27, 2018; Published: 23 February 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288554.
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