The average output power of fiber lasers have been scaled deep into the kW regime within the recent years. However a further scaling is limited due to nonlinear effects like stimulated Raman scattering (SRS). Using the special characteristics of femtosecond laser pulse written transmission fiber gratings, it is possible to realize a notch filter that mitigates efficiently this negative effect by coupling the Raman wavelength from the core into the cladding of the fiber. To the best of our knowledge, we realized for the first time highly efficient gratings in large mode area (LMA) fibers with cladding diameters up to 400 μm. The resonances show strong attenuation at design wavelength and simultaneously low out of band losses. A high power fiber amplifier with an implemented passive fiber grating is shown and its performance is carefully investigated.
Maximilian Heck, Victor Bock, Ria G. Krämer, Daniel Richter, Thorsten A. Goebel, Christian Matzdorf, Andreas Liem, Thomas Schreiber, Andreas Tünnermann, and Stefan Nolte, "Mitigation of stimulated Raman scattering in high power fiber lasers using transmission gratings," Proc. SPIE 10512, Fiber Lasers XV: Technology and Systems, 105121I (Presented at SPIE LASE: February 01, 2018; Published: 26 February 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289511.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon