We report on results of fifth harmonic generation in Cesium Lithium Borate (CLBO) using a three-crystal cascaded frequency conversion scheme designed to study the energy balance of the final sum frequency generation stage. The experimental setup independently combines the first and fourth harmonic of a Nd:Glass laser in a 5mm thick CLBO crystal. Energy balance between the incoming and output energy is close to unity when the CLBO is out of phase matching and approximately 80% when the crystal is in phase matching. A detailed analysis of the residual fundamental and fourth harmonic energy indicates 5th harmonic light is being generated but only 26% is unaccounted for. We attribute the missing light to linear transmission loss in the CLBO oven. The ratio of the output to input energy is unity when the missing 5th harmonic is incorporated into the calculations. Two-dimensional plane wave mixing simulations show agreement with the results at lower intensities.
S. Patankar, S. T. Yang, J. D. Moody, A. J. Bayramian, G. F. Swadling , D. Barker, P. Datte, G. Mennerat, M. Norton, C. W. Carr, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, and J. S. Ross, "Understanding fifth-harmonic generation in CLBO," Proc. SPIE 10516, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials and Devices XVII, 1051603 (Presented at SPIE LASE: January 29, 2018; Published: 15 February 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2288496.
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