We propose a sensitivity-enhanced intracavity-absorption gas sensor based on the phenomenon of mode competition in the dual-wavelength ring fiber laser. The laser configuration possesses the sensing and reference wavelengths as 1530.372 nm and 1532.168 nm, respectively. When the hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) is filled with 1000-ppmv acetylene, a sudden change on absorption intensity of more than 30 dB can be achieved by adjusting the optical loss in the laser cavities, resulting from the mode competition between the sensing and reference wavelengths. The minimum detectable acetylene concentration (MDAC) of 29.53 ppmv is obtained in experiment, one order of magnitude higher than former works.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon