Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NP) with Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) activity were fabricated on a fused silica substrate by ultrafast femtosecond laser photoreduction of a silver salt solution. The SERS effectiveness of the Ag-NP increased with laser writing power and number of scans. SEM images show that the Ag-NP have a more uniform density distribution when using a multi-scan writing technique. A number of different laser parameters were compared, including scan speed, laser power, and number of scans. Overall, it was found that the most effective laser parameters were: 20 µms-1 scan speed, 10 mW laser power and 200 scans. The Ag-NP substrates have been used to detect single bacteria and hold promise to give fast, accurate and specific spectra according to the cell specimen present.
Katie Murphy , Mark D. Mackenzie, Haonan Chi, Manoj Varma, Parama Pal, Lynn Paterson, and Ajoy K. Kar, "Laser micromachined SERS substrates in etched fused silica (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10522, Frontiers in Ultrafast Optics: Biomedical, Scientific, and Industrial Applications XVIII, 105220E (Presented at SPIE LASE: January 28, 2018; Published: 14 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2290195.5751463342001.
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