High reflection losses combined with low absorption capabilities and high velocity surface recombination are the main problems that deteriorate the efficiency of thin silicon solar cells. Therefore, Low cost and easy scalable fabrication of wide band, angle and self-cleaning antireflection coatings are of great importance for different optical applications especially solar cells. Random textured silicon nanocones are fabricated through electroless metal assisted chemical etching (EMACE) combined with ambient oxidation. Theoretical studies using Finite difference Time Domain (FDTD) simulation guided the experimental procedures in terms of dimensions and tolerance to reach the optimum dimensions and superior optical properties. The Optical numerical and experimental studies are revealed wide antireflection properties and strong trapping effects up to 60° through the entire visible wavelength. The textured structure modified the hydrophobicity of the solar cell into hydrophobic surface with self-cleaning properties.
Abdelaziz M. Gouda, Mohamed Y. Elsayed, Ahmed E. Khalifa, Yehea Ismail, and Mohamed A. Swillam, "Random textured silicon oxide nanocones for high-performance thin silicon solar cells," Proc. SPIE 10527, Physics, Simulation, and Photonic Engineering of Photovoltaic Devices VII, 105270L (Presented at SPIE OPTO: February 01, 2018; Published: 16 February 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289108.
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