Research of integrated light sources into the silicon platform has been extremely active for the past decades. Solutions such as the integration of III / V materials and components on silicon have been developed in a context of pre-industrial research, devices and systems intending very close to the market applications. The germanium(-tin) route has also demonstrated remarkable breakthroughs. The rationales of this research are the realization of optical interconnects. In parallel with these approaches, another interesting research field is the integration of nano-emitters, with the perspective of the realization of classical light sources but also of single photon and photon pair sources, in particular for quantum-on-chip communications.
In this context, we propose the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for the integration into silicon photonics towards novel optoelectronic devices. Indeed, CNTs are nanomaterials of particular interest in photonics thanks to their fundamental optical properties including near-IR luminescence, Stark effect, Kerr effect and absorption. Here, we report on the study of the light emission coupling from CNTs into optical nanobeam cavities implemented on the SOI platform. A wide range of situations have been studied by varying the deposition conditions of CNT-doped PFO polymer layers but also by considering different possible geometries of nanobeam cavities. Under optical pumping, we observe a very efficient coupling of the photoluminescence of the nanotubes with the modes of the nanocavities as well as a spectral narrowing of the photoluminescence spectra as a function of the optical power of the pump. These results contribute to the future realization of CNTs lasers, single photon and photon pair sources integrated on silicon.
The authors thank the support of the European Commission's FP7-Cartoon project.
Eric Cassan, Weiwei Zhang, Elena Durán-Valdeiglesias, Xavier Le Roux, Samuel Serna, Niccolò Caselli, Francesco Biccari, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Arianna Filoramo, Massimo Gurioli, and Laurent Vivien, "Hybrid integration of carbon nanotube emitters into silicon photonic nanoresonators
(Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10537, Silicon Photonics XIII, 105370Y (Presented at SPIE OPTO: January 31, 2018; Published: 14 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289049.5751516132001.
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