In this talk I will reflect on the genesis of the Information and Communications Revolution and through an analysis of the hard case of Nobel Prizes in Physics to show that the causal direction of scientific discovery and radical invention are often reversed. They often arose in a culture of so called “applications oriented research” in industrial laboratories and will use those examples to enumerate the key ingredients of highly successful R&D institutions. My views have been shaped by my own personal experiences in industrial research at the iconic Bell Labs, U.S National Laboratories and research intensive universities. I will highlight the need for institutions which transcend the “basic-applied dichotomy” and which bring research across domains into deeper congress in emerging areas such as nanoscience, biologically inspired engineering and cyber-physical systems. The need for new integrative institutions to address global challenges such as climate change and alternative energy sources will also be discussed.
Venkatesh Narayanamurti, "Bridging the basic-applied dichotomy and the cycles of invention and discovery (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10540, Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XV, 105400K (Presented at SPIE OPTO: January 29, 2018; Published: 14 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2280259.5751516172001.
Conference Presentations are recordings of oral presentations given at SPIE conferences and published as part of the conference proceedings. They include the speaker's narration along with a video recording of the presentation slides and animations. Many conference presentations also include full-text papers. Search and browse our growing collection of more than 12,000 conference presentations, including many plenary and keynote presentations.