Feature extraction plays a pivotal role in pattern recognition and matching. An ideal feature should be invariant to image transformations such as translation, rotation, scaling, etc. In this work, we present a novel rotation-invariant feature, which is based on Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG). We compare performance of the proposed approach with the HOG feature on 2D phantom data, as well as 3D medical imaging data. We have used traditional histogram comparison measures such as Bhattacharyya distance and Normalized Correlation Coefficient (NCC) to assess efficacy of the proposed approach under effects of image rotation. In our experiments, the proposed feature performs 40%, 20%, and 28% better than the HOG feature on phantom (2D), Computed Tomography (CT-3D), and Ultrasound (US-3D) data for image matching, and landmark tracking tasks respectively.
Abhishek Tiwari and Kedar Anil Patwardhan, "HoDOr: histogram of differential orientations for rigid landmark tracking in medical images," Proc. SPIE 10574, Medical Imaging 2018: Image Processing, 1057419 (Presented at SPIE Medical Imaging: February 13, 2018; Published: 2 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2293083.
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